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Hi my friend ! How are you ?
This morning, I will talk about 2 type of language group on the world. Easy to understand about all language when define 2 type. And it help us to learn foreign language easier. OK?
On the world, there are 2 type of culture similar 2 ways to live. First type is origin from agriculture. Extractly, horticulture, at the plains near rivers. Second type is origin from nomad. It’s animal husbandry like goat, cow, horse,… at the grassland, desert. Since human became “civilization” around 12000 years ago, we still have used 2 ways to survival.
Agriculture is focus at South East Asia. Because native people usually their hands to drive boat so hands is symbol. For example: ” Nam thuyền, Bắc mã”, “Nam quyền Bắc cước”. And nomad people use their legs to ride the horse. We see ballet dancer use thier legs.
From 2 type of culture, there are 2 type of language groups. I call them by my way:
- Single syllable: for example: VietNamese, has tones, full vowels, less consonants. Word order: topic- comment
- Multi syllable: for example: English, more consonants, pitching word stress. Word order: SVO ( Subject – Verb- Object) or SOV ( Subject- Object- Verb)
In VietNamese: “đẹp” with one syllable. And in English: “pretty”, “beautiful” with multi syllable.
Almost common languages are multi syllable. Because Great Empires are origin from nomad like Akkad, Assyria, Babylon, Persia, Macedonia, Rome, Arab…. For VietNamese, when we learn some languages at South East Asia, it’s not difficult. Even, VietNamese listen to their voice, we see they like dialects. When we begin to learn multi syllable languages on the world, we often speak wrong, not pitching stress, and skip ending sounds. It was called Achilles’s heel of VietNamese. Simple, it’s habit. Reason is not by smart, mind and talents.
And people say multi syllable languages who will be difficult to speak tones. Especially, (~) tone in VietNamese. Even, VietNamese themself speak it wrong.
By these reasons, VietNamese only fix a bit. Only changing this habit will help us to learn better. There are 3 point:
- Multi syllable
- The shape of mouth
The scientists built IPA to help everyone learning any languages. Each symbol doesn’t change by location or languages, dialects. You should use IPA to learn pronunciation. Because the alphabet isn’t enough vowels and consonants. Normally, speak this, write that. For example: English, “easy”, write: “s”, speak: /z/
Hope this post helps you that learn foreign languages better. Have a nice day ! Thank you for following!
P.S : You can read more VietNamese version